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Unit 404, 4th Floor, No. 14, Golestan St., Shiraz St., Hemmat Expy
Tehran - Iran
By the way of introduction, our firm Arian Roshd Afza (ARA) is one of the largest independent importers and distributors of animal health and nutrition products in Iran. We have been in business since 1999 and have a well established and recognized group of professional veterinarians, nutritionists and marketing experts in Iran. We currently import animal health and nutrition products from Europe and Asia to supply our large customers in main feed mills, poultry, livestock breeders, vet pharmacies and hospitals. In addition, we have strategic partnership with some of our key suppliers such as BASF, DSM, Degussa, Addisseo and others.
Lucantin Red : Selecting the color of the egg yolk. The consumer’s perception as to what is an “appropriate” color is dependent on his personal experiences, cultural background, and geographic location. This is illustrated by the fact that consumers in different parts of the world prefer different egg yolk colors. The Lucantin® product line from BASF is designed to help tailor the egg yolk color precisely to the requirements of the specific market and to achieve reliable pigmentation results.
With BASF’s egg yolk color fan, the color of the egg yolk can be selected on a scale from 1 to 15, which in turn determines the required Lucantin® dosage (see Figure). The Lucantin® product range comprises efficient C30 ester (Lucantin® Yellow), canthaxanthin (Lucantin® Red), and citranaxanthin (Lucantin® CX Forte) formulations. Lucantin® formulations can substitute pigments derived from natural sources.
Naturally occurring pigments are found in plants; these include lutein and zeaxanthin in maize or marigold flowers (tagetes) as well as in alfalfa or grass meal. Carotenoid content in nature, however, varies from plant to plant, with the result that variations in egg pigmentation must be expected when using naturally occurring pigments in layer feed.
The OXY-NIL range is particularly developed to act as a synergistic combination of anti-oxidants and chelators for the stabilization of feeds, premixes and concentrates. This range is especially developed for products that are very susceptible to oxidation, mostly because they have a high content in highly unsaturated fatty acids.
TOXY-NIL® : Customers across the globe have been successfully working with our mycotoxin management programme for decades. The TOXY-NIL® product line focuses on mycotoxin inactivation by both binding and inactivating mycotoxins.Ingredients:
Sorbic acid / Citric acid / Dried yeast / Chelators / Hydrated Na-Ca Aluminium silicates
MetAMINO® from Evonik is used in over 100 different countries on 5 continents. High quality manufacturing processes enable us to offer a consistent quality product.
Natural amino acid variability in raw materials makes the mixing and handling benefits of DL-methionine crucial. You'll experience reduced mill maintenance, no viscosity problems due to low temperature and high mixing homogeneity.
Measuring Up Methionine Sources
21 January 2017 - GLOBAL - Methionine is an essential amino acid in animal nutrition. Last year’s global methionine market experienced strong demand growth of 6 per cent, despite supply disruptions.
Supply disruptions occurred as major producers experienced production shortfalls due to raw material shortages, facility maintenance and delayed plant openings. Many of these issues have been resolved as supply has stabilized. With continued growth in protein consumption globally, the demand for this production remains strong. As global methionine demand continues to experience strong growth, it is important to understand the differences among the commercially-available sources in the market today.
Differences among methionine sources
Methionine exists in two forms, as D-methionine and L-methionine. There is no difference in the chemical make-up of the two isomers. However, the configurations of the molecules differ. Enzymes are sensitive to the configurations of these isomers, and animals can only convert the L-methionine into protein.
The chemical structure of HMTBa [2-hydroxy 4-(methylthio) butanoic acid], also referred to as methionine hydroxy analogue, is similar to that of methionine. It contains the carboxyl group, hydrogen atom and R group branching from a central carbon atom. However, instead of an amine group, the HMTBa molecule has a hydroxyl group (OH) in its place.
HMTBa exists in both D- and L-isomer forms.
Chemical Structure of HMTBa vs DL-methionine
Uptake and conversion
Once ingested by the animal, both D- and L-methionine are transported across the intestinal wall primarily via active and carrier-mediated transport. Once absorbed, L-methionine is directly incorporated into protein. The D-methionine is converted into L-methionine in a two-step process.
Conversely, the D- and L-isomers of HMTBa are transported across the animal’s intestinal wall, mainly by diffusion. Once absorbed, the analogue also undergoes a two-step process to be converted into L-methionine.
The L-methionine molecules derived from D-methionine or HMTBa can then be used by the animal to build protein.
HMTBa: The methionine source that works better
Because HMTBa has a hydroxyl group instead of an amine group, it is an organic acid. Its chemical properties as an organic acid allow it to offer multiple benefits to the animal that D-methionine and L-methionine cannot offer as amino acids.
HMTBa provides acidifying effects of organic acids. These acidifying effects subsequently provide gut health advantages to the animal.
HMTBa has also been shown to reduce nitrogen excretions, support performance during heat stress and offer antioxidant capacity. These additional characteristics help producers maximize animal performance in the field.
Efficient Broiler Management
05 April 2017
GLOBAL - Since more than 60 years, broilers have been selected to improve performance.
Additionally to performance in bird weight, feed conversion, genetic companies are considering some other factors such as skeletal and cardio integrity, immune response as well as quality and yield performance. These selection criteria improvements have allowed to have birds ready for slaughter at a younger age or heavier birds at the same age.
Due to this improvements, it has been necessary to do improvements in the environment (ventilation, equipment, handling) to allow birds to be more efficient to use nutrients. It has been demonstrated, that broilers do not perform as they are expected when they are raised in a not favorable environment.
The success of companies that consistently have good results, is based on excellent management, balanced nutrition and environmental conditions that allow broilers to express their potential.
The purpose of this presentation will be based in reviewing productive parameters that are used to evaluate efficiency or to measure indirectly how birds respond to management such as crop content, first week mortality, bird weight at 7 days of age, slaughter weight, feed conversion, performance index and some environmental factors such as ventilation, temperature and humidity.
We will also look at how especially US market, have changed according to slaughter weight, which have been increasing consistently yearly and is looking now for birds at 4 Kg. slaughter weight, excellent viability, low % condemnations with carcass and breast yield still improving.
José J. Bruzual
ThePoultrySite News Desk
NIR Technology Monitors Feed, Reduces Cost
04 April 2017
ANALYSIS - NIR technology is being used by animal feed producers throughout the production process to help monitor variability of raw materials and finish feeds with the end goal of reducing feed costs.
Tess Burkin, marketing development manager at AB Vista, speaks with ThePoultrySite's Sarah Mikesell at IPPE in Atlanta.
"At IPPE, we've been talking about the use of NIR to reduce feed costs through various services," said Tess Burkin, marketing development manager at AB Vista. "AB Vista offers a service called Feed Quality Service. It's an online NIR service, and it can be used by customers through accessing an online portal."
The portal is accessible through the AB Vista website. Customers can use a bench top NIR machine to take a spectrum, and then upload it onto the online portal. They'll receive immediate results of key parameters that can help monitor variability throughout the production process, helping support important decisions like supplies and formulation decisions.
Feed Quality Service can be used to measure proximates, as well as phytate-P, reactive lysine and energy
"NIR is a really valuable way of helping monitor variability in different dimensions, and the feed quality service can certainly help customers achieve that," said Burkin. "Different NIR technologies, both bench top and emerging services such as handheld technology, can all help support those customers who are looking to ensure closer quality control throughout the production process."
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Enzymes Are Key Piece of Puzzle to Feed the 9 Billion
14 April 2017
ANALYSIS - How do we feed the world’s future population and the growing global demand for protein?
A key part of the answer is through unlocking efficiency of feed ingredients and in lowering the challenges of anti-nutrients found in some non-traditional feedstuffs, writes Dr. Ajay Bhoyar, senior manager, Global Poultry Marketing.
To provide the level of feed demanded to meet global protein needs, animals may consume different diets in the long-term, compared with those offered today. These different diets may likely include more consistent use of co-products, by-products and use of locally available, but less-digestible feed ingredients.
Enzymes have proven their potential to not only release more nutrients from conventional and non-conventional feed ingredients, but also in significantly lowering the negative effects of anti-nutrients present in these raw materials.
Enzymes will act on their particular substrates and will exhibit full results, whether used independently or in combination. When used in combination, additional benefits may be seen apart from energy, mineral and individual amino acid release. Phytase, protease and xylanase are three popular feed enzymes used in the animal industry today.
• Releasing phosphorus from phytate with a phytase enzyme reduces the environmental load and also reduces the cost of feed, as other sources of phosphorus are then required at lower levels.
• Higher levels of insoluble fiber speed the passage of nutrients through the gut, reducing the potential for absorption. Xylanase lessens this effect and supports the greater use of raw materials with lower nutritional value, thereby increasing the flexibility of feed formulation and reducing feed cost.
• Protease lowers the risk associated with poorly balanced feed formulation and variation in the nutritional quality of feed ingredients. Protease also allows for the use of lower quality raw materials at higher inclusion rates.
Utilization of feed enzymes has emerged as the potential solution for sustainable animal production. Enzymes bring value when used singularly and that value can be even more profound when the enzymes are used in combination.
Enzymes not only help to increase the availability of costly nutrients, but also support animal performance by way of reduced damaging effects of anti-nutritional factors, in turn contributing to reduced animal production costs.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Latest feed science trends for poultry production
Tony McDougal - Sunday 30 October 2016 6:43
Yeast-based dietary interventions are effective at significantly reducing the level of natural campylobacter spp colonisation in the broiler caecum.
The study, carried out at Alltech’s European bioscience centre in County Meath, Ireland, wanted to look at alternative ways of reducing campylobacter in the light of the increase in antibiotic resistance spread and drive to cut antibiotics. Its aim was to examine if dietary supplementation of broilers with three different yeast based products (T1, T2 and T3) reduced the level of natural campylobacter spp, colonisation in the caecum.
The study was carried out using 500 male broilers divided among four different experimental groups using a randomised complete block design. Birds were allowed to naturally acquire Campylobacter spp colonisation from the environment and were tested at days 21 and 35 post hatch using plate counts of caecal swabs and at day 35 using quantitative PCR (qPCR) testing.
Results from plate count analysis at day 21 showed that Campylobacter spp, colonisation had successfully occurred in the broilers and at day 35 the level of colonisation was highest in the control group with decreasing levels in T1, T2 and T3 respectively.
No significant differences were noted using plate counts at day 35. Further analysis of the caecal content by qPCR showed that both T2 and T3 significantly reduced the levels of Campylobacter spp, colonisation in the broiler caecum. While T1 did not significantly reduce the level, levels were still lower than in the control group.
Enzymes efficacy questioned
Enzyme additions to broiler diets makes no significant difference in either feed intake or weight gain for broilers, according to research carried out in Ireland.
Ten rapeseed meal and distillers dried grain-based diets for broilers were used to examine the efficiency of phytase and protease in broiler diets.
In the broiler diets, phosphorous (P) and calcium (CA) levels were reduced to investigate the effects of phytase, and amino acid levels were also cut by 1.5% or 3% to test the effects of protease.
The diets were given to 600 broilers between zero and 35 days in pens of 10. The study found that there was no significant effect on either feed intake or weight gain during the period but when a 3% reduction in amino acids was adopted feed conversion rates were poorer in both the starter period and overall compared to when a 1.5% reduction was adopted.
When phytase was included, feed conversion rates improved in the grower and finisher period, but the scientists found there were no other significant effects of enzyme addition on bird performance.
The research was carried out by scientists at the Agri-Food and Biosceinces Institute, Hillsborough, in conjunction with Devonish Nutrition Ltd and Teagasc in County Cork, Ireland.
Earlier the better for prebiotic application
Prebiotics or synbiotics should be given as early as possible to ensure the best immune protection for newly hatched chickens, according to Polish research presented at the conference.
Delivery in-ovo on the 12th day of incubation ensures the efficient transport route of bioactives from the egg chamber, through the highly vascularized allantochorion to the gastrointestinal tract. Upon hatch the in ovo modulated profile of gut microflora has influence on the good health of the chicklet eliminating the need for antibiotics. The researchers, from the University of Science and Technology in Bydoszcz and the Department of Animal Biochemistry and Biotechnology at Mazowiecka, wanted to know whether the beneficial condition of the gastrointestinal tracts was reflected in the morphology of the intestines and might be maintained through the lifespan of the bird.
The study looked at the microstructure of the bird’s duodenum and jejunum at 42 days after in ovo manipulation. Two synbiotics (S1 and S2) were injected in ovo at the 12th day of egg incubation.
Tips on rodent control for broiler farmers
Jeremy Hunt - Thursday 11 August 2016 6:12
Controlling vermin populations on broiler units is an integral facet of farm management, but the efforts applied by producers are often found to be ineffective.
Rat populations can escalate quickly and left unchecked and a unit can become over-run in three months.
Poor vermin control inevitably results in re-infestation and prolongs on-going health risks such as salmonella, which can be transferred from vermin to poultry.
Poulty World spoke to rodenticide expert Sharon Hughes, BASF’s global technical marketing manager and Paul Saven, director of Merseyside-based Instant Pest Solutions to find out why rat control programmes often fail and how to apply a successful strategy.
See also: Free training course offered to help with new rodenticide rule compliance
Reasons for poor control
Paul Saven of Instant Pest Solutions says poor control is often the result of not carrying out an initial site survey to assess the infestation.
No survey or a poor survey will cause issues with baiting effectively. A common problem is under-baiting, which can result in rats and mice becoming “bait aware” or “bait shy” and control starts to fail.
The main baiting issues are:
• Bait placed incorrectly – as rats are climbers so baiting needs to be in high and low locations
• Too few bait points for the level of infestation
• Too little bait at each bait point
• Bait not replenished as per label
• History of the site not taken into account (resistance, bait preference)
• Bait chosen not the most appropriate
• Bait boxes inappropriate
• Bait and/or bait boxes moved or removed completely
• Re-invasion from neighbouring areas
• Anticoagulant resistance
A Healthy Gut Can Achieve Optimal Bird Performance
07 February 2017
GLOBAL - The new challenge to poultry producers is to improve production despite rising feed costs, as well as address increased opposition of the use of antibiotics as a means of pathogen control, writes Dr Ajay Bhoyar, senior manager, Global Poultry Marketing at Novus International.
A healthy gut means achieving optimal bird performance, ultimately meeting or even exceeding the producer’s bottom line. Many key areas of poultry performance, such as feed conversion, body weight and average daily gain, are affected by gut health. Birds are subjected to environmental factors that can actively influence their health, but years of research has come to a conclusion for solving one of the most prevalent problems many poultry producers face.
Healthy birds produce healthy products for consumers. It seems simple, but as antibiotics continue to be more controversial in the market and potential for pathogens to become resistant, the concept has become much more complex.
Salmonella continues to be one of the most prevalent pathogens responsible for human and poultry infections. Foodborne Salmonella is the most common cause of human salmonellosis. It is well documented that poultry and poultry products continue to be major contributors, with raw or undercooked eggs and poultry meat being predominant contaminants. Rising concern over both human and animal health issues has resulted in stricter rules surrounding Salmonella contamination and food safety.
Another prevalent pathogen is Clostridium perfringens, a spore-producing, anaerobic bacterium, which can lead to necrotic enteritis in poultry. Necrotic enteritis is an intestinal disease affecting broilers, laying hens and turkeys. Spores produced by this bacterium are ubiquitous in the environment and can be found in soil, water, faeces, feed and poultry litter. Clostridium is present in the gut of all birds, but is usually controlled by “good” bacteria.
Both Salmonella and Clostridium cause significant losses in the poultry industry every year. These losses include dead birds, and reduced market or decreased quality supply.
Producers are left with the decision of adding antibiotics to treat the problems or changing the feed to prevent them. Until recently, producers had to choose between the two pathogens, as there was no feed additive that prevented or treated them both.
Feed cost accounts for 60-70% of the total cost of poultry production. Feed efficiency is instrumental in ensuring profits and performance. As the use of antibiotics in feed becomes increasingly restricted, producers must start examining other options to optimize production, while ensuring the health of their flocks. Production views have shifted from treatment to prevention, and probiotics are being considered as an important supplement to animal feed. Probiotics work to boost the immune system so birds are less susceptible to effects from harmful pathogens, while also maintaining a healthy gut.
The shift toward using probiotics has brought Direct-Fed Microbials (DFMs) to the forefront. The use of direct-fed microbials has earned attention as a viable alternative to traditional antibiotic therapies. DFMs comprise a variety of beneficial bacteria known to have positive effects on health and performance when administered in appropriate quantities.
Bacillus is an aerobic, endospore-forming bacterium that has shown tremendous promise as a DFM because of its inherent capacity to form spores that can withstand harsh environmental stress and transitions during storage and handling. This makes the use of Bacillus-based DFMs amenable to commercial operations as feed additives. Bacillus has been on the market for years, but in the past it has only been able to prevent one of the two pathogens from becoming problematic, rather than treating both for maximum efficiency.
THE ROLE OF CAROTENOIDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF POULTRY SAFETY
Oxidative stress has been considered universally and un –deniably implicated in the pathogenesis of all major diseas- es , including those of the cardiovascular system.oxidative stress activate transcriptional messengers,such as nuclear factor – B,tangibly contributing to endothelial dysfunction, the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis, irreversi-ble damage after ischemic reperfusion, and even arrhythmia,such as atrial fibrillation.Evidence is rapidly accumulating to support the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) as intracellular signaling mole cules. Despite this connection between oxidative stress and cardiovascular disease (CVD) ,there are currently no recognized therapeutic interventions to address this impotant unmet need. Antioxidants that provide a broad, ‘’upstream” app roach via ROS/RNS quenching or free radical chain breaking seem an appropriate therapeutic option based on epidemiologic,dietary , and in vivo animal model data. Short – term die tary intervention trials suggest that diets rich in fruit and veg etable intake lead to improvements in coronary risk factors and reduce cardiovascular mortality. Carotenoids are such abundant,plant- derived, fat –soluble pigments that functions as antioxidants. They are stored in the liver or adipose tissue, and are lipid soluble by becoming incorporated into plasma lipoprotein particles during transport . for these reasons ,carotenoids may represent one plausible mechanism by which fruits and vegetables reduce the risk of chronic diseases as cardiovascular disease (CVD). This review paper outlines the role of carotenoids in maintaining cardiac health and cardiorole of carotenoids in maintaining cardiac health and cardio protection mediated by several mechanisms including redox signaling.
FAO warns of H5N1 threat to Middle East
Recent highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in Iraq and Lebanon pose a risk to other countries because of political instability and a host of other factors, such as wild bird migration and wintering habits, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned in a recent report. Countries at highest risk are Iran, Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Turkey, according to the group's recent 8-page report.
Iraq officially reported several H5N1 outbreaks from December 2015 through July 2016, affecting backyard bird and commercial farms in five governorates, some not far from the country's borders with Turkey and Iran.
Meanwhile, Lebanon confirmed H5N1 in April, affecting several farms in the eastern part of the country close to the Syrian border where refugees are settled. The investigation suggested illegal poultry movement as the source of the outbreak.
Genetic sequencing hasn't been done on the Iraqi samples, but the FAO said analysis of isolates from Lebanon suggests the viruses are most similar to ones isolated in wild and domestic birds from Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey in the early months of 2015. The agency added that viruses in the 22.214.171.124c clade have also been implicated in recent poultry outbreaks in Cambodia, China, Vietnam and West Africa.
Given earlier H5N1 outbreaks in the region and high levels of poultry production in the countries surrounding Iraq, there is a risk that H5N1 could become established and spread in the region, the FAO said
Political instability has resulted in a large displacement of people and animals, with most refugees settling in agricultural areas. The FAO also said that continuing violence in the area has hampered farmers' cross-border trade.
Other factors the FAO noted are that migratory birds concentrate in Iraq and Lebanon as they prepare to fly to wintering areas in the Middle East. Drier weather patterns in Mediterranean coastal areas could also push birds toward wetter areas of Iraq and Kurdistan, where congregating flocks could spread avian flu viruses. In Lebanon, migratory bird hunting is an important socioeconomic activity, which could pose a threat of virus transmission to people or domestic poultry
The FAO also pointed out several other vulnerabilities, including differences in veterinary capacity, ranging from the prompt response to H5N1 by Lebanese authorities to weak services in Syria because of civil unrest.
Countries at risk
For the region as a whole, the FAO said the overall risk was medium, with medium uncertainty. However, it put Iran, Jordan, Syria and Turkey at highest risk. Though no outbreaks have been reported in Syria, it is likely that H5N1 has already been introduced to poultry populations there, according to the report.
Medium-risk countries or regions are the Gaza Strip, Israel, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the West Bank. The FAO warned that it's not clear how widespread H5N1 is in Iraq, but poultry movement in border areas of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia could pose a threat.
Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia are at low risk owing to wild bird migration patterns and the low-to negligible role of the live-poultry trade. The FAO said Cyprus's risk is negligible, because the sea separates it from the two infected countries and because of its lack of poultry trade and not being on the wild bird migration route
Fighting salmonella to assure safe poultry
It is difficult to remember that salmonella is alive and not just a cause of human sickness. However, this realization has been around for many years and through studying the harmful bacteria, scientists have found that all bacteria have natural predators called bacteriophages, most of which have no effects on humans.
Nevada Today has reported that the University of Nevada has begun focusing on this trait of salmonella and the results have been promising.
Assistant Professor Amilton de Mello of the university’s College of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Natural Resources, said that his research was able to reduce salmonella by as much as 90 percent in ground poultry.
De Mello experimented by added in Myoviridae bacteriophages to different meat infected with four types of salmonella after being refrigerated.
“The results are very encouraging and we're hoping this can be adopted by the meat industry to increase food safety." De Mello said.
The research de Mello is leading is not limited to post-harvest interventions, but also pre-slaughtered physical conditions of the birds.
Aerin Einstein-Curtis of Feed Navigator reports that there has been research involving bacteriophages in living animals, young pigs and Escherichia coli (E. coli) and other bacterial infections.
According to results in the published journal, Livestock Science, the piglets that had bacteriophages mixed into their feed experienced reduced levels of bacteria as well as a protective effect.
With the recent push towards no antibiotics in animals due to the potential superbugs, bacteriophages may be the best alternative to keeping birds healthy.
Salmonella does not only hurt humans but causes illness in chickens and can be transferred from live birds to humans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that symptoms of chickens are similar to the symptoms in humans, diarrhea, vomiting, fever and cramps. Therefore, treating salmonella prior to slaughter is crucial for the safety of the workers in broiler houses.
Bacteriophages and their potential uses require further research before they are released onto the battlefield fighting salmonella. However, the assault against the deadly bacteria continues in other ways.
The USDA announced in February new federal standards to reduce salmonella and campylobacter in raw poultry products. The USDA’s Food and Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) are using stricter “pathogen reduction performance standards to assess the food safety performance of establishments.” The new standards are expected to reduce salmonella by at least 30 percent.
Europe Reports More Birds Killed in Flu Outbreaks
23 January 2017
EUROPE - Further reports of H5N8 avian flu outbreaks have been sent to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) from a number of European countries in the past week.
France detailed six new cases in wild birds in the past week, but also 34 separate outbreaks in poultry. Many of the poultry farm outbreaks were found through clinical symptoms, but others were detected as part of France's prevention measures, which involves pre-emptive culling of birds in some regions. Overall, over 52000 birds were destroyed on farms and over 2000 died.
In Germany, five new outbreaks were announced affecting farms of turkeys, ducks or mixed poultry in Lower Saxony, Brandenburg and North Rhine-Westphalia. A zoo in Saxony-Anhalt and a backyard holding in Bavaria were also affected. Over 68,000 birds were destroyed and 673 were killed in these outbreaks. Neighbouring Netherlands found large numbers of wild ducks with the disease in Utrecht.
Poland found two new outbreaks on farms and two in backyard holdings, in several different regions. Over 4000 birds died as a result of these outbreaks. In Ukraine, a farm in the Odessa region and a backyard holding in Chernovtsy suffered outbreaks, with over 10,000 birds killed.
Croatia reported new outbreaks of avian flu on a farm in Zagrebacka, where 40 birds died, as well as in a number of wild birds in other areas. Nearby Serbia reported one dead wild buzzard, while the Czech Republic reported several mute swans and one backyard holding in Jihočeský as affected by the disease. Slovakia found two new outbreaks in backyard holdings in Presov and Trnava as well as some affected wild birds. In Romania, several swans were found with the disease, and one backyard farm of 46 birds was also affected.
One new outbreak was reported last week by Greece, where avian flu hit caged layers in Peloponnisos region, with 28,000 birds destroyed.
Three farms were affected by avian flu in south-western parts of Russia, where 2530 birds died and over 219,000 were culled to prevent the disease from spreading. Two affected swans were also reported by Russia.
Ensure Farm Biosecurity with Key Cards
04 April 2017
GLOBAL - The introduction of a contagious disease to a farm represents a severe economic impact on a flock.
Contaminated clothing, equipment, and footwear remain one of the primary causes of bird exposure to disease-causing organisms. Managing traffic should be a top priority on your farm to prevent the introduction of disease.
This biosecurity system operates much like key cards utilized in hotels. Electronic door latches are installed on entrance doors or traffic gates and connected to a Maximus card reader. Presenting an authorized card activates the door lock solenoid.
Each user is assigned a tag or card and completes their profile by adding an email or phone number. The type of access given to each card controls entry to production facilities; this can range from limited to full access. For example, you can grant permission for employees working a weekend shift access to the buildings only on Saturday and Sundays between 5 am to 2 pm.
Every site or building has a designated health status. The owner operator then establishes a health protocol for personnel to follow. An example of a health protocol or rule would be to deny access to a clean site for 48 hours after visiting a dirty site. Trying to enter a clean site before 48 hours results in denied entrance. The system sends an email or SMS, explaining the reason, to anyone denied access.
Doors can be remotely unlocked to allow access to specific visitors, such as veterinarians and service techs that do not have a card.
The system also provides a history of the activity for all sites. After selecting the time range to view, the operator will see the username, the tag number, location of the reader used, the date/time reading of a card, the status (if the user was allowed access) and the reason for the denied access.
The same card is also used to enable access to the Maximus house controller. For instance, a particular card may permit the user to view the screen but not make adjustments, while another level of permission might only allow a farm worker to enter the number of eggs collected or record the number of deads picked up.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Novozymes and Boehringer Ingelheim announce Strategic Collaboration in Probiotics for Poultry Hatcheries
01 April 2017
GLOBAL - Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health and Novozymes today announced a strategic collaboration to develop and commercialize probiotics for global poultry production.
The parties will focus on developing products for hatcheries, the facilities where eggs are hatched before the chickens move to grow-out farms. As part of the agreement, Boehringer Ingelheim will market and distribute Novozymes' FloraMax® probiotic product for the U.S. poultry industry. Boehringer Ingelheim plans on expanding to other markets globally in the coming years.
Boehringer Ingelheim is continuously exploring new science, products and industry categories, to deliver a powerful range of innovative solutions with a focus on customer needs. Poultry producers are looking for improved ways to deliver on the growing global need for sustainable protein, said George Heidgerken, Global Head of Livestock at Boehringer Ingelheim. Collaborating with Novozymes enables Boehringer Ingelheim to enter an exciting new segment of products to provide alternatives in an environment that is increasingly challenged by antibiotic bans.
Probiotics are naturally occurring, live microbes that can improve the gut flora of poultry and other animals. Robust gut flora can significantly improve animal health, thereby providing a natural alternative to antibiotic growth promoters. Rising global consumption of meat, and legislative and consumer-driven curbs on the use of antibiotics as growth promoters in animal farming have increased demand for alternatives such as probiotics.
We are excited to collaborate with Boehringer Ingelheim to develop a range of probiotic solutions for poultry that will improve sustainability in the industry, said Susanne Palsten Buchardt, Vice President, Animal Health Nutrition at Novozymes. The collaboration is an important step in solidifying Novozymes' capabilities within probiotics and helping poultry producers deliver greater quantities of safe, affordable protein. Utilizing Boehringer Ingelheim's close relationships with large-scale producers, Novozymes will gain valuable access to new distribution channels and customers, many of which are seeking sustainable alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Iran Allows Conditional Use of Chicken Paste; Egg Exports Slowly Resume
22 June 2017
IRAN - The green light for the use of chicken paste in sausages and other meat products has been given after long disputes between Iranian health officials.
The Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran, Ministry of Health and Iran’s Veterinarian Organization came to an agreement after three and a half years of disputes over the issue, the chairman of board of directors at Tehran’s Union of Producers of Egg-Laying Chicken said.
“Based on the agreement, the slaughtering of chickens whose paste is to be used is done under the supervision of Iran’s Veterinarian Organization and on condition that their bones are completely separated,” Nasser Nabipour was also quoted as saying by Mehr News Agency.
Vahid Marandi Moqaddam with the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran told IRNA that the use of chicken paste is permitted with the proviso that only chickens approved by IVO be used, the paste be produced in sausage factories, not be transferred between production units, unauthorized tissues such as intestines and liver be dumped, and be produced and used on the same day.
“Producers are allowed to use 40-60 per cent chicken paste in sausages. They must inform consumers of the products in which chicken paste were used by labeling them with yellow covers saying ‘Sausage Made with Chicken Paste’,” he said.
Financial Tribune reports that the Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran will soon announce the date of implementing the new rules.
The use of chicken paste in meat products has been a controversial issue in Iran and the subject of heated debate for long.
ISIRI banned the use of chicken paste in sausage production on 23 July 2011, due to the use of chicken waste in the paste, including skin and bone.
Egg Exports Slowly Resume as Bird Flu Contained
Meanwhile, on the egg front, Financial Tribune reports that the secretary-general of Iran’s Association of Producers of Egg-Laying Hen said about 1,500 tons of eggs have been exported to Afghanistan since 2 April.
“Iraq too lifted the ban on egg imports from Iran 10 days ago, yet the high price of Iranian eggs compared with those of its rivals is an impediment to growth in exports,” Farzad Talakesh was also quoted as saying by Mehr News Agency.
The official noted that last week an egg shipment weighing around 20 tons was exported to Qatar. Due to an outbreak of the highly contagious H5N8 bird flu virus in Iranian farms, exports of eggs and chicken had come to a halt as of last November.
Consequently, Iraq and Afghanistan banned the imports of Iranian eggs and chicken early December.
Talakesh had previously said that Iran’s egg exports could not exceed 50,000 tons in the current Iranian year that started on 21 March, as the country lost a huge number of chickens due to the outbreak and its export markets.
H5N8 was first detected in Iran in late November 2016.
“In March 2017, it was reported that the avian influenza had spread across 24 Iranian provinces leading to the culling of some 12 million chicken,” Nasser Nabipour, the head of the board of directors at Tehran’s Union of Producers of Egg-Laying Chicken, said.
The H5N8 strain of bird flu is deadly for poultry, but according to World Health Organization, although human infection with the virus cannot be excluded, the likelihood is low. After months of tough struggle, Nabipour said on May 6 that Iran Veterinary Organization has informed the World Organization for Animal Health that the country has rid itself of this virus.
Iran exported 40,000 tons of eggs last year, some 55,000 tons less compared to the previous year.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Iran Ships Eggs to Qatar, Afghanistan
23 June 2017
IRAN - An official, while reporting on deployment of an egg container to Qatar, said about 1500 tons of the product have been exported to Afghanistan in the past two months. According to Mehr News Agency, Secretary-General of Iran's Association of Egg-Laying Hen Producers Farzad Talakesh said Iraq has been allowing arrival of Iranian eggs at its borders over the past fortnight. The country’s exporters are presently facing no limits, except for the fact that Iranian egg prices are higher than those of other competitors, he said. Mr Talakesh also said that exporting firms managed to ship eggs to Qatar, explaining that the consignment had comprised a 20-ton container and had been shipped experimentally. He however criticized the lack of coordinated exports as Iranian traders set out to conduct marketing procedures individually. On egg exports to Afghanistan, Mr Talakesh said the process had kicked on 22 April and approximately 1500 tons on the product have been so far sold to the neighboring country. "Iraqis are also willing to purchase Iranian eggs due to high quality of the product and religious commonalities," underlined the official explaining that the two sides have, however, failed to hit an accord as far as pricing issues are concerned.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Egg Export Decreased in Iran
Last year, Iran exported 35,000 tons of eggs, but in the current year, with 10,000 tons so far, the country experienced a decrease, according to the chief of Iranian Laying Hen Union.
“Since the beginning of the year, Iran has exported 10,000 tons of eggs to Afghanistan, Qatar and Iraq, while last year the egg export had been estimated 35,000 tons. Iran has experienced a significant decrease” said Reza Torkashvand, the chief of Iranian Laying Hen Union.
A big reason of this is the time that Iran spent to fight against avian flu. In fact, because of avian flu in Iran, Turkey took the place of Iran in Iraqi market. It is too difficult for Iran to returning to market.
During the recent months, the price of corn and corn meal has increased by %25. It affects the final price of egg too.